Today, 1 January, we remember the formal beginning of the Cristero rebellion (or the Cristero war)… through which the Mexican people attempted to wrest their nation back from their militantly atheist government.
Catholic Culture gives an excellent summary of the struggle, but in a nutshell, the political and economic elites of Mexico had attempted, through oppressive laws and an anticlerical Constitution, to suppress the Faith of the staunchly Christian nation. (Note the rank ingratitude of this act, considering that it was the faithful Catholics, over the objection of the Liberals, who achieved the independence of Mexico). Having sustained provocation after provocation, the people, with few arms and little organization, were finally forced to take up arms against the well-armed army and paramilitary forces of the government. And although they did not achieve their goals, with persecution continuing for another decade, we remember the valiant Catholics, heroes all, who defended their freedom to believe and worship as Christians of the one true Church.
¡Viva Cristo Rey! ¡Viva la Virgen de Guadalupe!